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La Guerra Civil 1935-1939

All NFS students studying Spanish are going to be learning even more about Spanish and Latin American culture and traditions.

Here is some background reading and some information about the Spanish Civil War.

The Spanish Civil War (18 July 1936 – 1 April 1939) was a war in which the Spanish General Francisco Franco and his troops successfully took control of Spain.

A lot of different groups worked together with the Spanish Republic (the government of the time) to stop him, including socialists, communists, anarchists and other leftist groups.

The fascist governments of Germany and Italy provided troops and supplies for Franco, while the communist Soviet Union sold the Republican forces weapons.

Lots of people from other countries volunteered to fight against Franco (sometimes against the orders of their own countries), including people from the United States, Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, Italy, and many other countries.

These groups were known as the International Brigades. The war ended on 1 April 1939 when the last of the Republican troops gave up.

Franco became the ruler of Spain until he died in 1975.

Some key words linked to the Civil War in Spanish to practise:

Nationalist forces - Las fuerzas nacionalistas

Left-wing (socialist/community) - De izquierda / las socialistas

Republican (right wing) - Republicanos / de la derecha

To overthrow (remove from power) - Derrocar a

Democracy (whole population, elected government) - La democracia

Fascist(strong right,dictatorial, regimented) - Las fascistas

Fascism (strongly regimented society & economy) - El fascismo

Soviet Union - La Unión Soviética

To spy - Espiar

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